New Jersey Indoor Air Pollution
New Jersey takes the 47th place in the US scale ranking, which also makes it the 3rd smallest state in the United States. And despite the relatively small territory comparing to the neighboring New York or Pennsylvania, residents know firsthand how polluted the air is.
New Jersey's air continues to be among the most polluted in the nation, with a large swath of the state receiving failing grades for smog, according to a report by the American Lung Association.

"All of NJ's 8M residents are breathing in unhealthy. Approximately 620K residents (which is 12.903%) have been diagnosed with asthma, which can make them more sensitive to air pollution".
NJ main Air Pollutants:
Potentially results in brain damages and other parts of the body's nervous system.
Source - industrial facilities and the wear of old lead-based paint.
Carbon monoxide
Causes nausea, dizziness, headaches. When carbon monoxide reaches an unhealthy level, people with heart disease are most at risk.
Source - cars, incomplete fuel combustion.
People with respiratory or heart disease, the elderly and children are most at risk. Inhaled materials can damage lung tissue.
Source - Particulates can be emitted into the air in the form of dirt, soot, smoke and dust from many kinds of air pollution sources.
Nitrogen dioxide
When reaching an unhealthy level, children and people with respiratory disease are most at risk.
Source - power plants, industrial facilities, and motor vehicles.
Sulfur dioxide
Constricts the breathing passages, causes wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing.
Source - power plants, industrial facilities, diesel vehicles.
Irritates breathing passages, causing chest and throat pain. Increases susceptibility to respiratory infections. Long-term exposure may lead to scarring of lung tissue and lowered lung efficiency.
Source - ozone is created in the chemical reaction: VOC + nitrogen oxide + sunlight. VOC comes from vehicles, industrial exhaust and other sources. Nitrogen oxide forms when fuel is burned.
Air Toxics
Increased exposure results in birth defects, learning disabilities, heart and lung diseases, and nerve damage.
Source - Factories, power plants, trucks, buses and cleaning products.
Radon and Formaldehyde

*Radon is estimated to cause about 21,000 lung cancer deaths per year
Radon is an odorless, colorless and radioactive gas. It gets into the house through the basement built into the ground. This substance is found in soils and seep through the cracks in the basement into the house. To detect if there's radon in your basement - a radon test is recommended. If you have it, you'll have to remediate it. There can be a solution in setting a venting system, that will allow radon to escape out, rather than get in.

As a gas, radon can be easily flushed out of the lungs. But the radioactive decay products of it are absorbed onto dust and smoke particles, which get stuck in the lungs.

No environment on earth is radon free. Outdoor air - 0.2 pci/liter, indoor air - 1.2 pci/liter (about 150K decays per minute in an average room).
Formaldehyde is a colorless convergent gas, that causes cancer.

It is a strong-smelling chemical used in building materials, in various household products, glues, and adhesives.
On an industrial scale, it is used as a fungicide, bactericide, and disinfectant.
Formaldehyde occurs naturally in the environment. As part of normal metabolic processes, it's produced in small amounts by most living organisms.

1997 report by the U.S. CPSC says: "formaldehyde is normally present in both indoor and outdoor air at low levels, usually less than 0.03 parts of formaldehyde per million parts of air (ppm)".
Short-term adverse health effects of formaldehyde exposure are:

watery eyes, burning sensations in the eyes, nose, and throat, coughing, wheezing, nausea, skin irritation.
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